Life in Australia, what to know about the continent

Life in Australia :
Learn about the continent and its history

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Life in Australia

Australians have always been identified for their ‘love of life’ and pleasure in great outdoors.   Although they may have repute for being a little wild at times, there worship of fine dining, music and arts, goes well with their love of the beach, barbecues, and sports.  More than ninety percent of Australians resides near the coast, which makes up for more times spent in the sun and water.  Life in Australia is very much in harmony with sand, waves, and water.

Beaches in Australia are one of its most lush natural blessings, and so they belong to everyone.  One can’t find private beaches and there are absolutely no fees for using them, from the world’s whitest sand beach at New South Wales’ Hyams Beach, to the long stretches of beach in Western Australia, to the stunning coastlines that even the nineteen-million inhabitants of Australia can’t pack out.  It just seems so natural for life in Australia to revolve around these astounding innate beauties.

Australians also have an enthusiasm for sports, which began before European settlement, with the natives holding events such as swimming and boomerang throwing, and as far back as 1700’s when early settlers engage in recreation soccer and cricket.  Since then, sport has been a basic part of life in Australia.

Wide open spaces and strong outback practices, Australian’s love for land is definitely natural, from extensive cattle stations to the extraordinary “red centre”, most Australians, even those who live on the coast, consider the immense land as part of the happiness of every day life in Australia.

Although it may seem that life in Australia circles around their care for fun and the beach, Australians puts much importance on family life.  They highly value the family, modifying much of the way they live their daily life.  The government, community, and church helps and supports services that share all aspects of family life, making every community a better place to live in.

One thing that can’t be taken out from daily life in Australia though, is the fervor for dining out. Because of its being a multi-cultural country, the culinary influences outcome is perfectly remarkable with the assortment of dishes cooked from the best ingredients, being described as eating a “fusion food”, faceting a unique collection of culinary diversity.

There is so much to Australia’s perfect blend of great culture, natural beauty, strong history, and land vastness that makes living in the country more like “living life as it should be”.

Australia History

A brief history of Australia

Australia history dates back to as early as prehistoric times about forty-one thousand years ago, between the earliest human inhabitants of the Australian continent, to the first known unearthing of Australia in 1606 by Europeans.  However, since no written confirmation of human dealings in Australia has been found for that period, the era is submitted as prehistory rather than history.

Written Australia history began in 1606, when a Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon, in his ship Duyfken plotted a route to the Gulf of Carpentaria, first sighted and made landfall at the western coast of Cape York Peninsula.  In 1616, Dirk Hatog, a Dutch sailor, took a new southern route from his usual course, crossing the Indian Ocean, to where he ended up on the offshore island of Western Australia.  He became the first recognized European to enter the Australian soil.

Captain James Cook in 1768 left England for a three-year voyage to the Pacific that also led him to Australia, landing on the eastern coast at Botany Bay on April 29, 1770.  Mapping the region, Captain James Cook named the area New South Wales, and it was him and his crew, together with the botanist Sir Joseph Banks, who soon after maintained settlement in Australia, adding another impact on Australia history.

Two more expeditions of Cook in the 1770’s supplemented information on the Australian island and paved Britain’s declaration to the continent.  It was during these times that the Aboriginal people refused to accept the influence of the Europeans, resulting to frequent cultural clashes. 

Although the Europeans found Australia to be an unappealing and secluded settlement land, it had some social and strategic importance from a homeland that had increasing crime rates and profit-making interests in the Pacific and East Asia. Even their prisoners were sent to penal settlements in Australia because of the congestion in British penitentiaries.

After the end of the American Revolution in 1783, Britain swiftly moved to create its first settlements in Australia as they could no longer transport British convicts to America. More than one-hundred-fifty-thousand prisoners were sent to two colonies in Australia in the middle of the 1800’s, which structured the early terrains of Western Australia and New South Wales

At the start of 1793, more free settlers arrived and a strong economy commenced to build up. However, Australia history also includes the many clashes and bloodshed of the Aboriginal people who rejected the new settlements.  From 1820 to 1880, Australia history experienced significant processes that positioned the foundation for its current society. 

The Australian constitution became effective 1901, derived from British parliamentary traditions, including essentials of the United States system.  The heart of Australia history in the twentieth century has been the progress of both a national government and a national culture.

Multiculturalism in Australia

 

Australia is home to many races. Long before the Europeans found settlement in Australia, the aborigines were the first people that inhabited the place. Their existence can be traced back 50,000 years ago. The next generation of Australians came 200 years ago.

Many migrants from all corners of the world flocked to Australia because of their greener pasture both figuratively and literally. In the last decade alone, the continent accommodated 90,000 and increased by more 3,900 in the last three years. This number is more than compared to the influx of refugees after the WW II.

The 2001 Australian Census showed that the percentage of Australians that were born outside of Australia is 23%. Australians speak different languages depending on their country of origin. The languages spoken reached up to 200 in number with 7 languages that are commonly used: English, Mediterranean (Italian and Greek), Chinese (Cantonese and Mandarin), Arabic, and Vietnamese.

Australians are mostly Christians with 12, 763, 880 population, the Buddhism has 357, 814 followers, and Islam has 281,586 faithfuls. Hinduism and Judaism are the two least practiced religions with 95,448 and 83, 990 respectively which is reported by the 2001 census.

The issue of multiculturalism in Australia started way back in the 70’s.  It recognizes the fact that in deed Australia is a fusion of many cultural minorities. Its purpose is to bring unity among the different and diverse cultures that coexist with each other, to foster camaraderie among the citizens and to bring about economic and cultural prosperity in the entire Australia nation. But the debate on multiculturalism in Australia has earned both supporters and oppositionists.

The proponent of multiculturalism in Australia believed that it is for the best interest of protecting and preserving the culture of the Aboriginal and other cultures as well. The aboriginal people deserve the right to be protected from the perils of socio-politico-economic development. The proponents also include the preservation of their rights and interests.

Those at the opposing side of the issues viewed multiculturalism as defective because it entails the huge public fund expenditure in supporting programs that are otherwise unnecessary. It is does not necessitate such program, because it is believed that as people interact with each other they bring with them their culture and tradition. With this interaction comes the flourishing of a culture that will truly be Australian.

The challenge on multiculturalism still continues as more migrants are coming to Australian shore to live the kind of life that the country promised. Multiculturalism in Australia makes the country what it is now–growing, progressing and evolving.

Australia Government

 

life in Australia : Government

 

Australian government is one of the most dynamic in the world. It is one of the most influential powers that the other nations have to contend with. Australians follow a federal system or federal parliament form of government.

Australia government is governed by their constitution, which can only be changed through referendum granting that majority of the voting population in at least four of the six States favor it.

Australian Federal Government has two lawmaking bodies, the House of Representatives and the House of Senate. The House of Representatives is more popularly known among Australians as the “house of government” or the “people house”.

The House is where Australia government relied so much on the kind of laws the lawmakers passed and amended. Composing the House are the 150 members who are elected from the division that they represented. Each representative is elected through preferential voting system in which a candidate is ranked and voted according to the voters’ preference.  A representative can only serve to a maximum of three years.

Aside from legislation, the other function of the house is that it is responsible in the determination of Australia government. It is where the Prime Minister is chosen, being a member of the party that has the most number of member, which in turn becomes the governing body. It also acts as the fiscalizer of the people by reviewing the spending of public funds, examining policies and discussing certain issues that are of paramount importance.

The other body of Australia government is the Senate that has 76 senatorial seats. Twelve senators are elected from each Australian state while Victoria and Tasmania has two representatives each. The function of the Senate is similar with that of the House of Representative, however it is curtailed to pass or amend new laws that specifically talk on matters of public expenditures and taxation issues. But it can request its counterpart to make the necessary changes otherwise the bill will be rejected which the Senate has the power to do so.

The governing party of the House of Representative appoints the Prime Minister. He or she acts as the steward of the land by delegating functions to the different Ministers and also chairs cabinet meetings.

All the states in Australia have autonomy to follow their own local government, which are responsible in planning; delivery of basic services like contraction and maintenance of roads and bridges, health care; and public services like maintenance of recreational facilities and community parks and playgrounds.

In deed the Australia government is dynamic and healthy at that.

Australian Immigration

 

There have been various talks and anecdotes you have probably heard about the beautiful country of Australia. Who knows, maybe one of these days you’ll finally decide to migrate or maybe you are already processing your immigration documents. Then why not take time to read detailed and accurate information on securing an Australian Immigration Visa?

Before allowing yourself to daydream about settling in an idyllic town in a quaint corner of Australia or traipsing along the great outback, you have to know that Australian immigration process can be quite expensive and complicated. The entire process of securing a visa can be quite daunting and mistakes can cost you precious time and money.

There are about 20 million people living in Australia that are from different countries. This is why Australia is considered one of the major immigration countries around the world. Much of the population growth in the country can be attributed to immigration.

There are a number of comprehensive Australian immigration services available online to help make the process relatively easier for you. You can also take a free Australian Immigration Assessment that determines if you are indeed eligible for a visa. But no matter what type of Australian visa you want, it is essential that you learn the facts so you will have a clear idea what type of visa you should apply for. This is mainly because there are special rules in every category, which should be completely complied before you can be granted an Australian visa.

 Basically, the Australian government grants permanent residence visa under four main categories that includes Skills, Family, Business and Humanitarian. In every category, you can find a selection of visa classes where you can choose which class would best suit your situation and qualifications. There is a number of Australian immigration that could also provide assistance and aid you in securing a visa.

Australia is adapting a global non-discriminatory policy that would give all applicants an equal chance and opportunity to be granted an Australian visa. This is of course provided if they meet all the character and health requirements.

So if you are contemplating on moving permanently to Australia, make sure you have all the information that you can access online. Filling out an online assessment form is your first step towards acquiring a visa Australia. It is a fairly easy and convenient way to find out your eligibility status.

Securing an Australian Visa

Are you contemplating on emigrating to Australia and probably wondering how to go about securing an Australian visa? There are various options and different schemes available for you, without encountering too much red tape or expense. There are actually a number of possible options on hand that you can look into, and decide which one would be most applicable for you.

One of the many ways of securing an Australian Visa is by applying for a Skilled or Working Visa. The nation’s economy has never been that strong and the Australian government is openly looking out for skilled workers with specialization in certain trade areas. You can either consult a lawyer or seek the advice of a specialist on Australian immigration to determine if you are eligible. Qualified professionals, managers and skilled individuals have great working opportunities since there are roughly about 150,000 jobs advertised in the job market every week.

Another possible way of securing an Australian Visa is through request for a working holiday visa. The applicant must be 18 to 30 years old and can only stay in Australia with a maximum of 12 months.  This type of visa would allow you to work temporarily. However, you are not allowed to enter into employment for a period exceeding 3 months with one employer only.

You can also opt to apply for a family visa especially if you have an Australian partner or if an immediate family member is based in Australia. Their government has always been very supportive in making it possible for bringing families together. Your application can be done online at your own convenience. An Australian citizen or a permanent resident of New Zealand must sponsor migrant applicants for this particular type of visa.

You can also apply for an Australian sponsored work visa if your company is moving to Australia with your employer as your main sponsor.  You can also apply for a retirement visa if you are financially secure and would want to retire permanently to Australia. The country has a warmer climate that most senior citizens prefer. Under this particular system, retired people have the option to work on a part-time basis if they wish to do so.

As you might have gathered, there are a number of ways to obtain an Australian Visa. There are free online assessments readily available for you to check which type of visa are you most eligible. By collecting all pertinent information relevant to the migration processes in Australia, you can be able to plan ahead.

To plan your life in Australia, you also have the option of applying for a short stay tourist visa. The Australian Tourist Visa can be of 2 types:

  • eVisitor : Visa for tourism or business dedicated to European citizens. It is valid for 1 year and gives the opportunity to stay in Australia for 90 consecutive days
  • ETA Australia: This is the tourist visa for citizens of certain countries, including the USA, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong. Even the ETA visa is valid for one year and allows 90 consecutive days of stay in Australia.

Both the eVisitor visa and the ETA visa can be used in the exploration phase for a possible transfer to Australia. I provide the necessary time to analyze all the aspects necessary to be able to live in Australia. For more information you can consult the page Visa Information for Australia ETA and eVisitor

 

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